The gasification of biological materials is a valuable tool for the recovery of energy without emissions that cause emissions.
It consists of the conversion of a solid fuel by thermochemical into a carrier gas: the transformation occurs in a reactor pond, in the absence of oxygen and at temperatures above 1000 degrees.
The gasification process carried our directly from the biomass produces a gas fuel which can be used for drying the biomass itself or for production of electricity.
The synthesis gas (syngas) which is produced can be used:
a) by a boiler that generates heat,
b) by a motor that generates electricity and heat from cogeneration,
c) from a spinneret carbon-chemistry for the processing of the syngas into an intermediate chemical such as methanol.
Atmospheric emissions are limited and easily controlled.
Research into this area began with a theoretical study at the end of 2003 and the gasification of residual biomass and sewage sludge has been developed since then resulting in the construction of a pilot plant, a demonstration facility and the depositing of two patents.
The equipment has been designed to gasify the sludge of various plants or other types of biomass and carry out the preparatory experimentation to create a gasifier on a real scale.
The tests allow to determine the functional technical data and the energy yields, in addition to defining the values of the emissions related to the specific biomass and to test the most effective suppression methods.
The objective is to acquire the necessary know-how to build standardized gasification plants that are easy to install and transport, small sized and easy to manage.